[China] Steadily improving adhere to the people-centered governance system Editors Note: Chinas socialist system and the national governance system with Chinese characteristics, grown in soil Chinese society, formed in the revolution, construction and reform of long-term practice, is rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions, rich in human and borrowing system useful achievements of civilization up, not only to protect the miracle of Chinas rapid economic development and long-term social stability, but also adds more colors for the symbiosis of social development of human civilization and thus, more paradigm, more options.Plenary Session of the Partys ninth four adopted the "Decision to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promote a number of major issues of national governance systems and governance modernization", from the 13 aspects of the system are summarized and expounded our country system and the significant advantages of the national governance system, focus on "what to uphold and consolidate," "improve and what development", put forward a series of new ideas to new ideas and initiatives put forward to push forward reform and opening up a new era of fundamental requirements, our firm "four confident" the fundamental basis.To further the spirit of the Ninth Plenum of four study and publicize the partys central office with the letter network Qiushi jointly organized the "China Steadily" theory spread online column, invited experts and scholars theorists thought to write series of theoretical articles in seeking today is the network launched the first 27, so stay tuned.Summary: "uphold and improve the administrative system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, building a clear mandate, the governance system of administration according to law."Achieving this goal in the ninth plenary session of the four proposed to everything from the fundamental interests of the people starting to adhere to the people-centered as the fundamental goal-oriented build and improve governance systems and core values-oriented, building peoples satisfaction Service-oriented government.It is necessary to further clarify the relationship between the government and the market, and constantly improve the strong macro-control, market supervision and effective governance system; further clarify the relationship between the government and society, and constantly improve social governance subtlety, sophisticated system of governance of public service; further clarify the relationship between central and local responsibilities and constantly improve the boundaries clear, smooth running channels governance system.Governance system is an important part of the national governance system, it is to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promote national governance systems and governance modernization of important administrative support and implement administrative forms."Uphold and improve the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, building a clear mandate, the governance system of administration according to law."This is the ninth Plenary Session Four" decided to build a "socialist system with Chinese characteristics put forward an important part of the system."Decision" also stressed that "we must adhere to all executive authorities to serve the people, responsible to the people and subject to their supervision, administrative innovation, improve administrative efficiency, the construction of peoples satisfaction with service-oriented government.".The basic requirements, adhere to its core essence is the direction of administrative reform to the people-centered, is to adhere to its core values of people continue to promote governance system and the governments ability to govern the modernization of the center, from the perspective of national administrations and run the country institutional advantages into better governance performance, providing solid support and a strong administrative system of administrative power to run the full realization of socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream.Further deepening administrative reform, uphold and improve the administrative system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the most important and most critical, is to everything from the fundamental interests of the people starting to adhere to the people-centered as the fundamental goal-oriented build and improve governance system and core values guide.Adhere to the people-centered governance to build and improve the system, we must meet the needs of in-depth development of the socialist market economy reforms, the social structure to adapt to diverse and comprehensive social development needs to further clarify the relationship between the government and the market, and constantly improve macro-control strong , market supervision and effective governance system; further clarify the relationship between the government and society, and constantly improve social governance subtlety, sophisticated system of governance of public services; to further clarify the relationship between central and local responsibilities and constantly improve the boundaries clear, smooth running channels the governance system.These three aspects, is building a service-oriented governments top priority and the key to move.First, to clarify the relationship between government and the market, strong build and improve macro-control, market supervision and effective government relations problem governance system of government and market, it is a core issue in reform and opening up has always been permeated all aspects of Chinas economic restructuring and the whole process.Since the partys eighteen, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade is the depth summary of the successful experience of the socialist system and combine modern market economy, firmly focused on major problems and institutional barriers facing the socialist market economic reform, clear make a significant innovation and important decisions: "make the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and better play the role of government."Third Plenary Session of the partys 18" Decision on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform "clearly states:" The market decides the allocation of resources is the general rules of market economy, improve the socialist market economic system must follow this rule, efforts to address market system is imperfect, too much government intervention and oversight issues."Practice shows that in the current economic reform toward a higher target and seek to promote high-quality economic development process in some areas and sectors, there are both still imperfect market system, fair competition system is not perfect market dysfunctional the problem, there is also too much government intervention, oversight and other "government failure" problem."The market is dysfunctional," is manifested not only failed to give full play to the market mechanism in allocating resources "decisive" role, but also showed some areas of fair competition order is disturbed market order and destruction; "government failure", both expressed as a number government departments and law enforcement officers for excessive intervention in the market and enterprises, but also the performance of some government departments and law enforcement officers from the chaos as to the omission, departing from government publicity phenomenon yung lazy government to government, etc..These two aspects of reality can be said that the current market economy reforms in the institutional shortcomings, is a high-quality institutional barriers to economic development and must be studied and solved, and promote Chinas economy toward a "speed up the improvement of the socialist market economy system optimization direction of the system, "the smooth progress.In the development of the socialist market economy, the role of government functions and the main problems: improving macro-control, to maintain macroeconomic stability; strengthen market supervision, maintaining market order, to maintain fair competition; optimize the public service, to provide quality public goods for the people, protection of equalization of public services; promote sustainable social development, to make up for social welfare groups outside of competition in the market, and promote common prosperity of all people.Ensure the realization of these responsibilities and the role requires a sound structure and system, the system needs to fully release the advantages of the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, which is undoubtedly further deepen the current administrative system, improve the focus and direction of the governance system of government.Second, to clarify the relationship between government and society, to build and improve social governance subtlety, fine public service system of governance as a public authority, the fundamental function of government is to provide quality public services to social development and people.Our government is the government of the people, in particular, should fulfill the functions of social governance and social service functions to promote as its fundamental functions of a sustainable society coordination with the people as the main body to adapt to the needs of social development and improve peoples administrative style, innovation administration, improve administrative efficiency, and constantly improve peoples livelihood, peoples satisfaction with the construction of service-oriented government.Socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era, a new social contradiction principal changes.Peoples increasing need for a better life and the conflict between the imbalance is not fully developed, not only to promote economic and high-quality fundamental basis for sustainable development, but also to deepen administrative reform, improve the system of governance based on fundamental.At present, China is in building a moderately prosperous society and building a modern socialist country of "two hundred years" goal "of the intersection of history", with the improvement of overall well-off level, people are increasingly widespread need for a better life, not only for material and cultural life put a higher demand, but also the growing requirements in terms of democracy, rule of law, equity, justice, security, environment, etc..This increasingly requires, we must strengthen and improve social governance functions at all levels of government and public service function, strengthen the "subtlety" of social governance and "fine" of public services in order to give full play to the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics and institutional strengths and the role of governance systems of government.Strengthen the "subtlety" of social governance, it is to improve the governance system, strengthen social management functions of the governments key.The so-called "subtlety" of social governance, is to effectively abandon the "controlling" social management system and "extensive" social management tools to effectively overcome the administrative bureaucracy and formalism, deep inside the social organism, stimulate social body vitality, mainly on the strength of popular participation and democratic consultation means to resolve social conflicts, solve social problems, construction is everyones responsibility, everyone is responsible, everyone to the enjoyment of social governance community.Comprehensive well-off society is not only more economic development, peoples lives richer and eliminate poverty from the society in general, but also improve democracy, advance science and education, enrich culture, foster social harmony and peoples lives more colorful society.Fully completed to meet the needs of social pluralism and comprehensive moderately prosperous society in a crucial stage of development, governance of society must implement a series of means from the system to a major shift from the way to style.The need to strengthen the system of governance, both play the party leadership, government-led an important role, but also fully support and encourage the active participation of various forces, handed over to try things social community to coordinate processing, governance and social self-regulating positive interaction, "Net grid "of management and resident autonomy positive interaction; the need to strengthen governance according to law, social development and constantly improve the level of construction laws and regulations, strengthen the rule of law to protect and enhance peoples law-abiding consciousness, the use of the rule of law and the rule of law way of thinking to resolve social conflicts; the need to strengthen the comprehensive management , adhere to the rule of law with the rule of virtue to support each other, complement each other, strengthen socialist moral constraints, the use of public ethics social behavior, adjust interests, resolve social conflicts; the need to strengthen the source of governance, pay attention to master social developments and signs of social problems, treating the symptoms, cause and symptoms and establish the "consultation" platform and mechanism "something good talk, discuss all things by the people", give full play to the grassroots democratic consultation in the interests of the people expressed needs, solve social problems and contradictions in the role of institutionalized.Strengthen the "fine" public service, it is to improve the governance system, strengthen social management functions of the governments fundamental basis.Construction of peoples satisfaction with public government, in the final analysis is that government should serve the people, win the trust of.People benefited benefited the people are satisfied, people are happy, in the final analysis is a measure of the effectiveness of administrative reform, the fundamental criterion for judging the merits of the system of governance.In the overall standard of living reached a new stage of comprehensive well-off in the face of the people a better life needs of increasingly extensive and multilevel nature, in particular, to strengthen the governments public service in the "fine" work hard.The so-called "fine" public service, is to firmly grasp the development of peoples livelihood and weaknesses Cask, firmly grasp the impact of improving peoples lives hot and difficult issues and blocking points, best effort, within our capabilities, focus on strengthening Pratt & Whitney, foundation, reveal all the details of peoples livelihood, not only guarantee the basic livelihood of the people, but also to meet the diverse needs of the people at multiple levels, not only accelerate the establishment of "Young have education, to education, employment, there is disease the medical, security, and housing, has helped the weak, "the national system of basic public service system, and constantly create conditions toward" the young have good education, learn a gifted education, employment thick enough, have good disease medical care, home for old and lived there livable, have weak public help "peoples livelihood and quality goal.Third, clarify the relationship between central and local, to build and improve accountability boundaries clear, smooth running channels governance system correctly handle the relationship between central and local governments, give full play to the initiative of both central and local, we are mobilizing all positive factors for the cause of socialism an important part of the service.Historical experience shows that the construction of socialism, the enthusiasm of the two is better than a good enthusiasm, both for under centralized and unified leadership give full play to the socialist system in concentrating power advantages of the system, but also conducive to the formation system to fully stimulate the vitality of each local initiative to form the whole country, balanced interests of all parties in a good situation.Ninth Plenary Session four "decision" stressed the need to "improve and give full play the initiative of both the central and local institutional mechanisms", "Building from the central to local powers and responsibilities clear, smooth running, dynamic work system".This is further deepening administrative reform, improve the construction of an important institutional governance system of government.Clarify the relationship between central and local, first of all to maintain the central authority, to strengthen the central macro-management of national development, the rule of law to safeguard national unity, decree unified, unified market.The world today is undergoing great change in the situation of a century No, our country is at a crucial stage of reform, development is at a critical juncture, the international situation is complicated, reform, development and stability, domestic and foreign affairs defense, Party, state and army arduous task of unprecedented, risk from all sides of the unprecedented severe challenges.In this important period of development, in particular, to further safeguard the authority of the Party Central Committee with Comrade as the core, give full play to the party commanding the overall situation and coordinating all of the major role.Practice repeatedly shown that to maintain and strengthen the central authority, is the most important factor in the use of the power system to cope with various risks and challenges and the most fundamental guarantee.The central government under the direct leadership of the CPC Central Committee, is a manifestation of the partys overall leadership, implement the partys major policies, the partys leadership system play an important advantage of the power of government.In particular, the current should be appropriate to strengthen the powers of the central government in terms of intellectual property protection, pension insurance, regional ecological environment and so on, give full play to the central government overall quality of economic development and social progress in an important role in strengthening macro-control, to ensure that.Strengthen the central authority, and to play local initiatives to support local creative work.Local government, especially grass-roots government, is the basis of national administrative actions and of governance, from people recently, shoulder to promote economic development, the coordination of social governance, service task of the people, government functions to fulfill how well the mental state government workers and how the style of work, a direct impact on economic and social development and peoples interests.No enthusiasm and initiative to take on the spirit of local governments and grass-roots levels of government, the central major policies and strategic planning is difficult to be implemented, many practical problems of the people it is difficult to be solved.Currently, the completion of a comprehensive well-off society goal, to achieve precise glorious mission of poverty common prosperity, deepening reform and opening up to tackle tough, arduous task to achieve high-quality economic development, especially the need to further mobilize local enthusiasm, make concerted efforts, forge ahead.Ninth Plenary Session Four "decided" that to "giving more autonomy to local, support local creative work.".Admittedly, some local and grass-roots enthusiasm yet to be fully realized, there is also a tendency to many noteworthy.In some party members, cadres and law enforcement personnel, I do not want to play, not play, do not play there are varying degrees of problems.Some do "nice guy", "peace officer", "fence" concerns "The more dishes, more throw the bowl," believe "many kinds of flowers and little thorn, difficulties do not reach", "in order not to trouble , the Director-General would rather not ", just do not want power struggle Lan Guo, the color just did not want to contribute; some mud Buddha temple, can not withstand the wind and rain, encountered contradictions panic, struggle to meet straight fight malaria.General Secretary of the "beginning of the heart do not forget, remember our mission" theme educational summarize these phenomena pointed out in his speech pointed Congress, undoubtedly is to continuously improve the effectiveness of governance, deepening administrative reform, improving governance systems need to focus on the problem to solve.The vitality of the system lies in the implementation, implementation of the system is that the power of cadres.Fundamental value orientation only fully encourage the majority of the national executives keep in mind the early heart mission, exciting play spirit to the interests of the people as a fundamental value of the pursuit of "official term" in order to be responsible to the people as an administrative act, we can effectively promote governance system innovation and building peoples satisfaction with the service-oriented government.